Simply put, a diabetic diet simply means eating the healthiest foods in moderate amounts and sticking to regular mealtimes.

It is recommended that diabetics follow a healthy-eating plan that’s naturally rich in nutrients and low in fat & calories. 

Key elements are:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Whole grains

A diabetes diet is actually one of the heathiest eating plans for most people. The plan helps you control blood sugar (glucose),  manage your weight and control heart diseast risk factors such as high blood pressure. 

Eating extra calories & fat cause your body to create an undesirable rise in blood glucose. Blood glucose is important to keep in control in order to decrease the risk of potentially serious complications, such as nerve, kidney and heart damage. 

Lifestyle changes such as exercise and weight loss, in addition to the appropriate food choices can have a significantly positive affect on your life and overall health.


  • Eating three meals / day at regular times – this helps you better use the insulin that your body produces or gets through medication
  • A registered dietitian can help you put together a diet based on your health goals that fit with your tastes and lifestyle.
  • Choosing portion sizes that are appropriate for your dietary and overall health needs


During digestion, sugars (simple carbohydrates) and starches (complex carbohydrates) break down into blood glucose. Focus on healthy carbohydrates, such as:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Whole Grains
  • Legumes, such as beans and peas
  • Low-fat dairy products, such as milk and cheese


  • Less healthy carbohydrates
    • Foods and drinks with added fats, sugars and sodium


Dietary fiber includes all parts of plant foods that your body can’t digest or absorb. Fiber moderates how your body digests and helps control blood sugar levels. 

Foods high in fiber include:

  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Nuts
  • Legumes, such as beans & peas
  • Whole grains

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